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Road Gully Spacing plays a very important role while developing drainage design and modelling. Surface water flow width, longitudinal slopes and many other factors are considered to determine gully spacing, please read this blog for further detail:
Road Drainage is the normal or non-natural amputation of a surface's water and sub-surface water from a road surface. If the road surface water is not removed, it would severely weaken road pavement, particularly asphalt pavement. In case the surface water trickles down to the sub-base, the foundation of road pavement would lose its bearing strength and the road pavement may fail under heavy traffic conditions.
The absence of an adequate drainage system leads to having poor-quality road pavement such as potholes, uneven road surface, etc.
Road Gully is a small pot placed along road edge or kerb edge and covered from the top by placing gully grating which is made of the steel frame. The main purpose of Road Gully is to collate surface water of the road surface and then transmit it to the downstream career pipe and then ultimately discharge it to the existing drainage network or to an attenuation pond.
As mentioned above road gully collates surface water, so the principle of gully design works by placing several gullies at regular intervals and at low points along the road edges. Following are the thumb rules of gully spacing:
The primary factor that affects the road gully spacing depends upon the surface water flow width. This means the higher the flow width, the greater the Gully spacing. It is recommended that the flow width doesn't spill over to the wheel track zone. Also, the road edge treatment plays a very important role in collating surface water.
For example, if the road edge treatment is kerbed edge then water flow would be higher than the flush road edge with verge or permeable hard shoulders.
There are three types of Road Gullies commonly used for Road drainage systems.
Standard size Trapped Gully is the most common form of Gully. The gully pot comes with steel frame grating and flushes with the road surface.
Side entry gully is preferred to minimise obstruction to on-road cyclists due to gully grating. Side Trapped gullies are generally flushed vertically with Kerb edges. The efficiency of side trap gullies is sometimes less than the standard flat top gullies.
Inset Gullies are preferred in highspeed motorways to minimise the obstruction to high-speed vehicles especially the hard shoulder or hard strip is very narrow.
Catchpit is like a pot having an outlet and inlet connection slightly above the floor level that collects debris and needs maintenance at the infrequent interval. Catchpits are designed to be placed at steep slopes or non-highway locations. Also, they can be formed of various shapes, but Gullies are placed at road surface levels or footway surface or urban realm surfaces and collect surface water.
Road Gully Blockage is a common problem due to excessive debris collection or poor maintenance or bad weather condition or due to damage by heavy vehicles. If the blockages in the gully pot are not removed on time, it would lead to local flooding or leakage to sub-base or sub-grade levels or generate bad odours or may damage career pipe downstream.
Road Gully cleaning is carried out with advanced technologies along with vacuuming and high-pressure jetting through the water. CCTV surveys are carried before performing high pressure jetting. The survey records the status of the existing gully and pipe network.
It shows all the blockage within the network and the jetting help to clean out the blockages.
The Gully gratings are normally made from ductile iron and must comply with national design standards. In the UK it should be in accordance with DMRB HA104/09 for the Gully Grariting. Gully Gratings are placed flush with the road surface, along the kerbs and normally comes with a hinge for the protection against theft.
Parallel straight bars are provided to stop the large items like stones, plastic cans, etc entering into the Gully Pot.
I hope this blog will help you understand the surface water collection through road gullies and thumb rules will help you to determine the road gully spacing. Please feel free to like, share and comment.
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